The Special Representative of the Secretary General for West Africa also serves as Chairman of the Cameroon-Nigeria Mixed Commission established in November 2002 by the UN Secretary-General at the request of Presidents Paul Biya and Olasogun Obasanjo of Cameroon and Nigeria respectively. The goal of the Commission is to facilitate the implementation of the ruling of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on the land and maritime boundary between the two countries 10 October 2002.
The mandate of the Commission covers the following fields:
Demarcation of the land border and delimitation of the maritime bounderies between the two countries.
Withdrawal of the civil administration, the military forces and police force, and transfer of authority in the zones concerned located along the border in the peninsula of Bakassi.
Demilitarization of the peninsula of Bakassi.
Protection of the rights of the populations concerned.
Development of projects aiming at promoting the economic joint ventures between the two countries and cross border cooperation.
Reactivation of the Commission of the Basin of Lake Chad.
Since December 2002, the Mixed Commission has held regular meetings alternatively in Yaounde and Abuja. Between 2003 and 2006, it was involved in withdrawals of the civil administration, of military forces and of police force, as well as transfers of authority, was involved in the zone of Lake Chad, along the land border and in the peninsula of Bakassi. On June 12, 2006, following intense negotiations under the aegis of the Secretary-General, the Presidents of Cameroon and Nigeria signed the Agreement of Greentree establishing the methods of withdrawal and transfer of authority of the peninsula of Bakassi. The terms of the agreement stipulate that Nigeria will continue to manage a small definite part as a specific zone for a period of two years. A non renewable five year period of special transition regime will then apply.
In order to facilitate the implementation of the International Court of Justice,
the United Nations put at the disposal of the Mixed Commission the required personnel making it possible to offer good offices services, and provide technical aid through the deployment of geometricians and cartographers. Cameroon and Nigeria have so far agreed on a total distance of 1,845 kilometres for the land boundary, which is estimated to be 2000 kilometres. For the maritime boundary, Cameroon and Nigeria agreed on the 21 points at sea defined by the ruling of the ICJ.
The observer personnel of the United Nations was actively involved in monitoring the zone along the land border from Lake Chad to the peninsula of Bakassi to strengthen the
confidence of the populations.
As for confidence measures, Cameroon and Nigeria, with the support of several donors including the European Union and the African Development Bank, agreed on programmes of development in various areas along the border (education, health, roads, supply water, etc).